Service Management Blog

Governance in the ITIL 4 Service Value System

2 minute read
Joseph Mathenge, Jon Stevens-Hall

Governance refers to the means by which an organization is directed and controlled. In service management, governance defines the common directions, policies, and rules that the organization uses to deliver and maintain its services.

Every organization, regardless of the size, takes direction from a governance body: a person or group of people who are accountable at the highest level for the performance and compliance of the organization. The governing body is accountable for the organization’s compliance with policies and any external regulations, and can be comprised of:

  • A board of directors
  • A regulatory body
  • An executive management team

Download Now: ITIL 4 Best Practice e-Books

These all-new for 2020 ITIL e-books highlight important elements of ITIL 4 best practices. Quickly understand key changes and actionable concepts, written by ITIL 4 contributors.

(This article is part of our ITIL 4 Guide. Use the right-hand menu to navigate.)

Governance activities

There are three main activities by which governance is realized:

  • Direct
  • Monitor
  • Evaluate

Organizational Governance Activities


This involves the assignment of responsibility for organizational strategy and policies, and the direction of their preparation and implementation. Strategy sets the direction and prioritization for organizational activity including vision, mission and plans, while policies establish the requirements for behavior by those participating in organizational activities, whether they are staff, vendors or contractors.


This involves determining whether the performance of the organization and its practices, products, and services is in line with the strategy and policies set in the direct activity.


This involves the performance of regular reviews of the organization, its strategy, portfolios, and relationships with other parties, accounting for changing external circumstances and stakeholder requirements.

Governance in the SVS

The service value system (SVS) is a universal model that can be applied across an entire organization, or to one or more of its units or products. So, if you’re delegating governance authority across different levels, then the governance body should retain oversight to ensure alignment with the objectives and priorities of the organization.

In ITIL 4, the ITIL guiding principles and continual improvement apply to all components of the SVS, including governance. Therefore, the governance body can adopt and adapt the guiding principles and communicate them across the organization as part of the “direct” activity. The governance body can also “monitor” outcomes of continual improvement activities and measurement of value.

Regardless of the scope of the SVS and the positioning of the components, it is critical to make sure that:

  • The service value chain and the organization’s practices work in line with the direction given by the governing body.
  • The governing body of the organization, either directly or through delegation of authority, maintains oversight of the SVS.
  • Both the governing body and management at all levels maintain alignment through a clear set of shared principles and objectives.
  • The governance and management at all levels are continually improved to meet the evolving expectations of the stakeholders.

ITIL 4 Best Practice e-books

These all-new ITIL e-books highlight important elements of ITIL 4 best practices so that you can quickly understand key changes and actionable concepts. Download now for free!

These postings are my own and do not necessarily represent BMC's position, strategies, or opinion.

See an error or have a suggestion? Please let us know by emailing

BMC Brings the A-Game

BMC works with 86% of the Forbes Global 50 and customers and partners around the world to create their future. With our history of innovation, industry-leading automation, operations, and service management solutions, combined with unmatched flexibility, we help organizations free up time and space to become an Autonomous Digital Enterprise that conquers the opportunities ahead.
Learn more about BMC ›

About the author

Joseph Mathenge

Joseph is a global best practice trainer and consultant with over 14 years corporate experience. His passion is partnering with organizations around the world through training, development, adaptation, streamlining and benchmarking their strategic and operational policies and processes in line with best practice frameworks and international standards. His specialties are IT Service Management, Business Process Reengineering, Cyber Resilience and Project Management.

About the author

Jon Stevens-Hall

Jon Stevens-Hall is a Principal Product Manager for BMC Helix ITSM. He was a contributing author on several of the ITIL 4 Managing Professional books (“Create Deliver and Support”, and “High Velocity IT”). His work focuses on innovative new tooling for Service Management, and the evolution of ITSM in the DevOps era.